Fernando de Noronha is an archipelago that consists of 21 islands located at the Atlantic Ocean off the Brazilian coast line and is located in the Brazilian state of Pernambuco at the northeast region of the country. The Fernando de Noronha is famous for its spectacular coastal scenery and varieties of wild life above and below the blue waters and has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2001.
Do Meio and Conceicao beaches
Image attribution to pantai @ Flickr
Mountain rocks at one of the island
Image attribution to svnbg @ Flickr
Marine life above the waters
Image attribution to Ambiental Turismo @ Flickr
The official discovery of Fernando de Noronha was in 1503 AD by a Portuguese merchant Fernao de Loronha during an expedition where he was given hereditary captaincy of the area. The archipelago was a commercial monopoly of trade with the native people of various ethnic groups for the Brazilan timber. During the 16-17th century, the islands were taken by the English, French and Dutch till 1654 when it was reconquered by the Portuguese. Towards the 19th century, the islands were also a place for prisoners in exile and the forests were chopped off to prevent rafts from being built to escape. Today the economy in Fernando de Noronha largely depends on its tourism industry.
Marine life under the waters
Image attribution to tadeu pereira @ Flickr
The Porcos Bay
Tide pool at Fernando de Noronha
Getting there :
The nearest airport to the attraction is the Fernando de Noronha Airport (FEN) which is served by flights from Rio de Janeiro from the Santos Dumont International Airport and other major Brazilian cities.