Introduction : Petra is situated in southern Jordan in the governorate of Ma’an is a vast historical city carved into an architecture by the rocks by the Nabataeans who were industrious Arabs that settled in there more than 2000 years ago. It is the most famous tourist attraction in Jordan and has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985 and was described as one of the most precious cultural properties ever made by mankind. It also harbors an ingenious water conduit system that was way beyond its time.
The treasury in Petra
History : Human settlements in Petra began as early as 1500BC and was at its peak under the Nabateans who originates from Northeast Arabia settled in Petra at around 312BC. The key to Petra’s prosperity was due to their monopoly in the spice trade along the silk route and was once home to almost 30,000 people. The city’s success was mainly due to their advanced water system where they were able to control and conserve water within the area.